Yet others show it was a direct copy, built under licence, of a readily available Hamilton Standard propeller that was easily substituted for the damaged Japanese version (www.pacificwrecks.com, December 2010). What was the sense in having a fast airframe if it could not roll rapidly over 250 knots? Sanders’s reply was “about 98 per cent” (Rearden, 1997). Invention and technology magazine. Not long after, he was rewarded with the feedback, “It works”. This man, according to him was attempting to do just that and there was a miscommunication that kept air defense in the dark. Simply put: Hurricane = Cyclone What is a Hurricane = Cyclone A tropical cyclone is a storm system characterized by a low pressure center and numerous thunderstorms that produce strong winds and flooding rain. What is clear is that the investigation of the Akutan Zero, if nothing else, destroyed the Zero’s aura of invincibility. Two 7.62 mm guns and two 20 mm cannon with 120 rpg. “Thach weaves” and other gimmicks were sometimes credited with defeating the Zero, but nothing seems to have been more effective than the simple old WW I tactic of staying in battle formation and gaining a potential energy advantage in the form of a height/speed edge over the enemy. 8 of History of United States naval operations in World War II. Gill 1968, pp. It seems incredible that the capacity to train pilots of high quality would remain so inadequate once the Pacific war started. Your email address will not be published. Wing span: 38 ft (11.6 m); Length: 28.75(8.8 m); Height: 11.8 ft (3.6 m); Weight empty: 5760 lb (2613 kg); Weight loaded: 7952 lb (3560 kg); Performance: V(max) 422 knots; Max cruise 280 knots; Service ceiling 34,900 feet; Range 770 miles. The Chinese fled the fight (Ford, 2007 p. 28; Okumiya et al, 1957 p.14). Gill, G.H. I enjoy your fact based info as opposed to what is often found elsewhere about the Zero. 19 Miami (8-2, 7-2 ACC, No. Another (Model 21, serial number 5349) had been retrieved from Australia’s Melville Island. I fault the IJN brass for physically stopping Jiro’s engineers from powering the A6M5 with a sorely needed 1500 hp engine mid-war. Others, (e.g. Takeshi Yoroi, who is the main character and protagonist of the "Hurricane Polimar" series. Most of the few remaining myths were dispelled when the new Grumman F6F Hellcat was first deployed in action 31 August 1943, and the remainder were firmly nailed after the 19-20 June 1944 “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”. Australian War Memorial: Canberra. Any help would be much appreciated. For instance, when 27 Chinese fighters challenged 13 Zeros in September 1940, did the Zeros destroy all 27 without loss? (US Marines, however, found a way. Read the interesting discussion defining some speed parameters by Richard Dunn at http://www.warbirdforum.com/zerodunn.htm for partial answers. Major Claire Lee Chennault (later LGEN USAF) commanding the mercenary “Flying Tigers” with Curtiss P-40 Tomahawk fighters in China, had warned about the Zero’s performance, but analysts in the USA Department of War (later Department of Defence) regarded these reports as “arrant nonsense” and “aerodynamic impossibilities” (Handel, 1989). War, strategy, and intelligence. 3.0 out of 5 stars Should have called it "Hurricane, Lightning, & Zero". These were flown chiefly from NAS North Island CA and NAS Anacostia/Bolling AFB, Washington, DC. The Miami Hurricanes always seem to figure out a way to make waves with their uniforms. A hurricane is a tropical cyclone. Cancel Reply. Six .5 inch guns with 400 rpg or2 x 20 mm cannon with 225 rpg and 4 x .5 inch guns with 400 rpg. F8F vs Zero a6m-zero. Offline I am constantly getting my @rse handed to me flying the Hurri IIc against the Zero in the Singapore (RAAF) campaign. A hurricane is tropical cyclone that is characterized by thunderstorms, strong winds and heavy rains. The wind speeds of tornadoes range from 40 mph … Except for Nationalist China’s Polikarpov I-16, the Zero’s two 20 mm cannon and two 7.7 mm machine guns out-gunned every other fighter in the Pacific Theatre. He also said the pilot was still alive when they reached the plan and was at the point of bleeding out when the photo was taken. 2007. Nice color plates but only side views. Unfortunately, the salvage crew roughly severed its wings. The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–40s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. for service with the Royal Air Force (RAF). The game will be played at Wallace Wade Stadium in … Please help! 2; Gill, 1968 p. 22). Also unresolved is the relatively minor issue of whether all propeller blades were beaten back into shape, or if one propeller blade or even an entirely new Hamilton Standard three-bladed propeller was substituted in the Akutan Zero at NAS North Island. Among RAF pilots, the Spitfire-vs.-Hurricane controversy went on and on, with no quarter given by either side. Ford, D. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American volunteers, 1941-1942. Debunking the myth: the rise and fall of the Zero By Fred Lane, (This article was first published in NOCN 84, 1 March 2011.). The pilot of the zero was attempting to surrender to us as the United States had been broadcasting a reward of 20000 and citizenship to any pilot who could give us an intact zero. Firstly, the Aleutians are noted for poor flying weather. Some reports say the Sumitomo propeller  damaged beyond repair; others say the propeller was beaten back into shape. What was this valuable new Zero doing in Alaska’s Aleutian chain in June 1942? Max 330 kn; ferry range 1330 nm. Its a case of tactics - if its a frontal, gentle turning combat, then the Hurricane has an advantage. As a tribute to the skill of the NAS North Island aircraft engineers and the Zero’s built-in ease of maintenance, he managed 24 test flights in 25 days. After that he was not the same and the Zero project was led by another. 111 Squadron RAF before crashing during a forced landing in January 1939. Flown by Petty Officer Hajime Toyoshima, he was returning to HIJMS Hiryu from one of the first Darwin bombing raids on 19 February 1942. He is an expert in brainwashing deprogramming and in martial arts. 1981. Designed by Jiro Horikoshi, the Japanese Navy’s Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 Model 21 was the definitive WW II Japanese fighter. 97-102). Taxying out for a training flight in February 1945, a Curtis SB2C Helldiver over-ran it and “chopped the fuselage to pieces”. 41-46). His wheels dug in and he somersaulted as he touched down. Hurricane is generated in regions of near-zero horizontal temperature gradient. Clash of the carriers. Grumman F4F-4 Wildcat. 10 Miami Hurricanes and Duke Blue Devils in the thread below. Midway: The battle that doomed Japan. 2001. Chennault correctly recommended that contemporary American fighters should never attempt to dogfight the Zero, but to attack from above and maintain speed. My next door neighbor Horace Simms was one of the men standing on the zero. Armament: six .5 inch machine guns (240rpg), 200 lb bomb. Grumman F6F Hellcat (10.24 x 13.06 x 3.99), weight 9238-12598 lb (4199-5726 kg). Did American aircraft engineers quickly apply novel design features discovered in the Akutan Zero? Abutting the Chinese mainland near Hainan Island, this peninsula was in Chinese hands. Pen and Sword Maritime: Barnsley. Aiken, D. response 21 February 2001, http://www.j-aircraft.com/faq/pearl_harbor.htm. 1968. It matters little whether Gill or Okumiya was more accurate in the aircraft count. Others, (e.g. Today, the 'Canes went back to an all-black look -- and it even has a name: Miami Nights 2.0. They eased the upside-down Zero onto a skid, dragged it out with a tractor and righted it back in Dutch Harbor. Zeros were hit, but none lost in the melee; and. This owed nothing to the lightweight Zero, but more to the prospect of having to operate these fighters from small escort carriers (Thruelsen, 1976 p. 181). One of a three-plane section from HIJMS Ryujo, the Zero lost oil pressure after taking ground fire during one of the Dutch Harbor raids (Aleutian Islands, Alaska). As he tells and can continue to recount it since he is still alive. 31-50). 17-20) claim 33 Japanese bomber and fighter aircraft were shot down for the loss of 23 Hurricanes and seven Fulmars. Naval Institute Press: Annapolis. While the Akutan Zero might have helped to modify and confirm certain fighter tactics, all the major structural F4UCorsair and F6F Hellcat design decisions had been made long before that Zero rolled out of its Mitsubishi factory in February 1942. Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale: The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 categorization based on the hurricane's intensity at the indicated time. It was during these flights that Sanders confirmed the Zero’s excellent low speed manoeuvrability but he also documented its amazingly poor rolling performance at moderately high speeds. Penguin Group: New York. Hurricane vs Zero/Oscar tactics. Verified Purchase. What was Japan thinking? Harper Collins: Smithsonian Books, 2007. Pretty good. Live Updates: Miami vs. Duke F: Hurricanes 48, Blue Devils 0 247sports.com - David Lake. The scale places the storms into one of five categories. The first “Hosenose” F4U production model flew in June 1942 and deliveries to USN and USMC squadrons commenced towards the end of that year. Midway: Dauntless victory. Zero - by Greg_P Here is an original WII report from Clive "Killer" Caldwell about this very subject: Section 1: Fighter Tactics. Engine spares presented little problem. Indisputably the Zero had inherent flaws that were initially canceled out by the skill of its pilots and the ignorance of its opponents. A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclonewith sustained winds that exceed 74 mph and accompanied by rain, thunder and lightning. Were tactics to defeat the Zero first derived from simulated battles between American fighters and the Akutan Zero? In order to create threads, posts, and interact with the Ubisoft forums you need to have a Ubisoft account with a verified email address. Whether the Zeros destroyed only 13 or all 27 Chinese fighters in the Chongqing battle might be of little import, compared with the huge strategic victory that left the Zeros masters of the China sky. The role of WWII fighter aircraft differ greatly from modern fighter aircraft. Thanks for your comments on the Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero. The Armstrong Whitworth Whitley Mk V, a twin-engined bomber introduced to the RAF in 1939, had a range of only 1,430 nm (Angelucci, p. 262). The American tests put to the sword dozens of swirling myths, rumours and exaggerations. McGraw-Hill: New York. He also said that the his fellow sailors were all saddened at the state of the pilot, horribly shot in the legs and extremely frightened. Mitsubishi constructed 3879, Nakajima built 6215 and other firms manufactured 844 trainer and floatplane variants (Okumiya et al, 1957 p. 350). It is an oceanic phenomenon. As much as I fault the Zero I can’t ignore the lack of infrastructure scaling up to meet wartime demands for replacement pilots as a factor for the fall of Japan. The Miami Hurricanes always seem to figure out a way to make waves with their uniforms. For instance, over Chongqing (then Chungking), the inland seat of the Nationalist Government, on 13 September 1940, the Chinese sent 27 Russian-built Polikarpov I-15 and I-16 fighters aloft to mix it with 13 Zeros. Froggy Frog 9000 16,527 views. No. It loses momentum after landfall because the required moisture is not available on the land. On the other hand, although aircraft claims can be easily exaggerated (e.g., Ford, 2007 Preface ix-xiii), a small number of authors claim that “actual Chinese losses were 13 planes” (e.g., Ford, 2007 p. 28). In general, Hurricane was a big surprise for Zero pilots, as it was first better performing plane they met. The pilot was uninjured, but only a small number of instruments and other odd pieces are known to remain. A tornado is defined in the dictionary as "a rotating column of air ranging in width from a few yards to more than a mile and whirling at destructively high speeds, usually accompanied by a funnel-shaped downward extension of a cumulonimbus cloud". No less than 27 British aircraft were claimed by the Zeros in this sortie, including 15 Hawker Hurricanes and four Fairey Fulmars, for the loss of just one Zero (Okumiya et al, 1957 pp. Evidently not. (Please excuse my sarcasm) Unfortunately, Rearden seems to have failed to resolve which specific parts were not genuine. Worse, the Japanese never had the infrastructure to replace their highly trained naval aircrew and staff officers lost in the Coral Sea and Midway battles (Fuchida and Okumiya, 1958 p. 157). Unfortunately, the long, flat field chosen by Koga for his wheels-down landing was deceptive. Rearden, J. Koga’s Zero: An enemy plane that saved American lives. Since the 1990s, only wind speed has been used to categorize hurricanes.To estimate wind speed, the wind and wind gusts are measured over some period of time (typically one … Reinforcing Chennault’s observations, he also found that the float-type carburettor starved the engine of fuel under negative G. All this information, with combat recommendations, were relayed to the fleet shortly after Sanders’s first flight (Technical Aviation Brief #3, 1942). Francillon, R.J. Japanese aircraft of the Pacific War, Mitsubishi A6M Reisen (Zero Fighter). 1958. While VADM Chuichi Nagumo deployed only 20 surface warships for his highly successful Pearl Harbor attack, ADML Isoroku Yamamoto had no fewer than 128 surface warships, plus troopships and support vessels for his complex Midway operation (Smith, 2007 pp. Was the restored Akutan Zero 100 per cent “made in Japan”? Please read and follow the instructions provided to complete this process. Loomis, R.D. The 80th Fighter Squadron has twice encountered "Tony" type fighters in combat, both times in the vicinity of Bogadjin. They gained a reputation as superb dogfighting machines. More Zeros were produced than any other Japanese WW II aircraft. Despite its low wing loading, early production Corsairs, with their comparatively poor over-the-nose visibility, vicious torque stalls and toey undercarriage, were condemned as too difficult to deck land. The P-40's six .50s or two .50s and four .30s packed more punch than the Zero's 7.7s, were accurate, and had exceptional reach, yet weren't as powerful as the Zero's cannons. The basic design never changed, but later production runs incorporated modifications such as wingtip folding, more powerful engines and stronger bomb racks. University of Illinois Press: Champaign. Royal Australian Navy, 1942-45 (1st Edition). 97-102). The 340 mph A6M7 Zero made a good night fighter and c. the disaster caused the Chinese to order cessation of all aerial combat. This might well suggest an impossibly large and unresolvable discrepancy, but all agree that, in this action: a. the Zeros initially were outnumbered more than 2:1; b. If Supermarine Spitfires had the Zero’s ferry range, they could have easily flown the 1140 miles from London to Malta without risking valuable aircraft carriers to deliver them in WW II. Hurricane vs Zero/Oscar tactics. Great American fighter pilots of World War II. Chief among these was the use of a fuselage built from high-tensile steel tubes. Manual wing tip folding was introduced on later versions. Hawker Hurricane Mk.1 Bomber takedown compilation (IL-2 Sturmovik: Cliffs of Dover) - Duration: 16:32. 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