The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. Pennsylvania- The founder of Pennsylvania is William Penn. . According to a law passed in 1659, … Others wanted wealth and power. Because of this, the middle colonies became known as the Breadbasket colonies. b) They were home to Dutch immigrants who sought religious freedom, they were a center for banking, and they exported large amounts of grain. NEW YORK (1664) New York was originally New Amsterdam, the capital of the originally named New Netherlands, which was founded in 1620. The King of England owed Penn’s family, but instead of paying him he gave him land in the New World. The colony of New Jersey was founded by Dutch explorers who colonized the area, then in 1664 a fleet of ships under the control of Colonel Richards Nicolls defeated the Dutch, thus annexing the land for England, the English then became the dominant owners and leaders of the area. as trading posts for fur c.) for profit and as strategic trading posts The people of Pennsylvania were allowed to vote for a representative. (See the map on page 86.) Next to Great Britain, Spain was a major colonial power and a competitor in the establishment of influence in the western hemisphere. These varied motivations led to the growth of four Middle Colonies that soon flourished. Added 2019-11-07 19:43:38 subject History by Deleted. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! The original 13 colonies of what became the United States of America can be divided geographically into the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. as safe havens for catholics and Quakers. Eventually, the English claimed the land, it was given by King Charles I to his brother, The Duke of York. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The land in the northern colonies was not fit for mass farming—the first settlers of Jamestown suffered from prolonged famines—and the mountainous terrain did not provide the open, fertile land needed to yield harvests. New York became a royal colony in 1685. The middle colonies were founded a.) 100. Founding of the Middle Colonies. Some of the people  went there because of the raw materials which are good farmland, furs, coal, and iron ore. One of the reasons why they fled because of Indians. The agreement written by the Pilgrims that outlined their gvernment. New England Colonies: Founding The Colonies, New England Colonies: Colonies in the Region, Middle Colonies-Problems or conflicts the colonists faced. These colonies would become the historical core of what would become the Southern United States, or "Dixie".They were located south of the Middle Colonies, albeit Virginia and Maryland (in their quality as northernmost colonies of the South) where also considered as the Chesapeake Colonies.. Benjamin Franklin, who helped improve the city in many ways. Delaware was a colony founded by Peter Minuit in 1638 due the fact that it was a proprietary colony. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. The Middle Colonies were founded to work as a buffer between New England and Spanish-controlled Florida. William Penn paid 1200 pounds for the land he purchased from the Delaware Indians. Next to Great Britain, Spain was a major colonial power and a competitor in the establishment of influence in the western hemisphere. They could believe in different religions, everyone didn't have to believe in the same thing. In 1680, the king gave William Penn 45,000 square miles of land, which became Pennsylvania. The Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies were New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.They were located between New England to the north and the Chesapeake region to the south. This method of transportation was traveling on … The Duke of York George Carteret & John Berkeley Peter Minuit William Penn, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. The Middle Colonies soon became a very prosperous region, with new settlers arriving from Europe with money and plans for new lives in the New World. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. The Middle Colonies were explored by Henry Hudson for the Dutch East India Company in 1609, sailing up the Hudson River to present-day Albany, New York, and along the Delaware Bay. The Dutch further explored and charted the area in multiple voyages between 1610 and 1616; the first Dutch settlements were built in 1613 and the name New Netherland appeared on maps from 1614 on. They were mostly catholic but civil unrest is Europe caused an influx of immigrants to the middle colonies and the new arrivals brought new religions. They consisted of the future states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and sometimes Maryland.Today these areas are described as the Mid-Atlantic States.The middle colonies were the most ethnically and religously diverse of the 13 original colonies because they were also the most tolerant. The History of the Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. Sign up now, Latest answer posted September 23, 2017 at 8:29:10 PM, Latest answer posted December 14, 2014 at 4:30:51 PM, Latest answer posted February 09, 2017 at 3:11:59 PM, Latest answer posted April 14, 2019 at 12:28:10 PM, Latest answer posted March 23, 2018 at 4:07:54 PM. Franklin set up the first trained fire fighting company in the 13 colonies, raised money to help build the city's first hospital, set up a militia army to protect the city and the rest of the colony. The Middle Colonies were more cosmopolitan and tolerant than the New England colonies. The Middle Colonies were explored by Henry Hudson on a journey into the Hudson River and Delaware Bay in 1609. The Middle Colonies include New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of … Religious freedom, mild climate, and good farmland made the middle colonies a much easier place to live. The people of Pennsylvania were allowed to vote for a representative. The Delaware Colony was was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. With Swedish funding, the third governor of New Netherland later founded the colony of New Swedenin the region around Delaware Bay i… Fearing the Spanish would attempt to expand further and move north from Florida, officials in the British government formed the Middle Colonies as a barrier. Some of the people  went there because of the raw materials which are good farmland, furs, coal, and iron ore. One of the reasons why they fled because of Indians. What were some problems faced by the New York colony, and how did they solve them? The Delaware Colony was was founded in 1638 by. Describe the geography and climate of the middle colonies. Restoration Colonies: In 1660, following the period known as the Interregnum, the Stuart Monarch was restored to the English throne. The middle colonies were known for their freedom of religion. What is "bread basket" 100. With the establishment of the Middle Colonies, farmers moved south and began to produce major cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, and grain. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics. New York - It was founded by the Dutch, and was referred to as the New Netherland . The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … Are you a teacher? Many people from different places moved to Pennsylvania because of the tolerance there. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The Southern Colonies Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. This was the first successful New England colony, founded by the Pilgrims. Additionally, the Middle Colonies were founded to provide greater agricultural opportunities. New York: Founded in 1626 by the Dutch and initially called New Netherlands, the colony of New York was renamed to its current name by the Duke of York, after the King of England gave it to him following the colonies … Massachusetts Bay Colony, founded in 1630 by a group of Puritan refugees from England, followed this example. The Middle Colonies were New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Farmers also had a convenient means to transport their Goods to the markets, where the crops were sold, and supplies were purchased. These two promised many benefits for colonizing including freedom of religion and a representative government. Summary. Lower Counties: Another term for Delaware Colony in the North American Middle Colonies from 1682 until 1776. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. The Middle Colonies consisted of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware. Swedes, Dutch, English, Germans, and Africans were among the groups who came to these colonies. b.) The Middle Colonies had fertile soil; this made the Middle Colonies Ideal for farming. Jan 1, 1613 Duke of York Sending Settlers to New York New York was the first Middle colony colony.The people that started the first colony in the Middle colonies was the Dutch sent by the Duke of York. The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. Companies in Europe also wanted to do business in the colonies. It was named after the Delaware River whose name was derived from of Sir Thomas West. What was social life like in the Middle Colonies? In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. The Amana Colonies are seven villages on 26,000 acres (11,000 ha) located in Iowa County in east-central Iowa, United States: Amana (or Main Amana), East Amana, High Amana, Middle Amana, South Amana, West Amana, and Homestead.The villages were built and settled by German Pietists, who were persecuted in their homeland by the German state government and the Lutheran Church. This was the nickname given to the Middle colonies because of the large amounts of wheat they were able to grow. The Middle Colonies. They could believe in different religions, everyone didn't have to believe in the same thing. He was really the one that sent the people/settlers to live in the Middle colonies. It was founded by William Penn, a prominent Quaker who envisioned it as a haven not only for Quakers but for people of all persecuted religious minorities. Delaware- The Province of Delaware was an English Colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. This could not be said of the middle colonies. New Jersey- The Duke of York, gave some of his land to two of his friends, George Carteret and John Berkeley. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. The Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Many people from different places moved to Pennsylvania because of the tolerance there. or lords, and the religious tolerance also brought people to the colony. This land was Pennsylvania. It was named after the Delaware River whose name was derived from of Sir Thomas West. This land was Pennsylvania. Some individuals wanted the freedom to practice religion in their own way. . They were unusual, however, for their degree … What was the economy of New York like in the 1600s? New York- It was founded by the Dutch, and was referred to as the New Netherland. The mid-A… But Penn’s conviction that in religion “force makes hypocrites; ’tis persuasion only that makes converts” led him to institute a policy of religious tolerance that drew other persecuted sects to Pennsylvania. The Province of Delaware was an English Colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776. William Penn: An English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony, and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. a) They were home to diverse immigrants, they were a center of trade, and they eventually came under British control. William Penn, an English gentleman and member of the Society of Friends, founded the colony of Pennsylvania in the early 1680s as a haven for fellow Quakers. The Middle Colonies were a part of the former Thirteen Colonies of the 18th century. Why was New York founded? Founders of the Middle Colonies. The King of England owed Penn’s family, but instead of paying him he gave him land in the New World. Perhaps the most tolerant of the Middle Colonies was Pennsylvania. New York was initially founded by the Dutch and was called New Amsterdam or New Netherlands. New Jersey had a variety of people including Dutch, Swedes, Finns and Scots. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. Under his guidance, Philadelphia became a fabulous city, with broad, tree-shaded streets, stone and brick houses, and a bustling port. The Middle Atlantic Colonies were a part of the original Thirteen Colonies that would later become The United States of America. Which statement is the most accurate description of the middle colonies in the 1700s? Although the Swedes and the Dutch fought over the land in the 1630s through the ultimately the Dutch claimed the land, calling it New Netherland. People colonized to New Jersey because they wanted religious freedom. The Dutch soon claimed the land. Log in here. The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke. What is Plymouth. What was the culture of the Middle Colonies. King Charles II gave his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between New England and Virginia in 1664. He also founded Pennsylvania's first college and public library. They produced a lot of lumber and built ships. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. In addition, the middle colonies were involved in fur trading. People went to this colony because of the generous land grants to patroons, or lords, and the religious tolerance also brought people to the colony. Manhattan flourished … Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. A lot of the success of Pennsylvania and Delaware is owed to William Penn. The colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York. Already a member? 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