Some of these occupations include loggers, who cut down trees to make into wood for building houses and keeping families warm during the winter. The first settlers farmed out of necessity, but they quickly found that clearing the poor, rocky, heavily-treed soil was not a feasible means for making a profit. The people who took the decision to move from their homeland to the uncertainties of life in the New World were looking for a better life in the colonies. Colonial Work and JobsThere were many different types of colonial work and jobs. People work as craftsmen, shopkeepers, and shipbuilders. Linsey-woolsey, or wincey, fabrics were woven with a cotton warp and woollen weft and another job for colonial work in  Colonial America. New England New England in the northeast has generally thin, stony soil, relatively little level land, and long winters, making it difficult to make a living from farming. By the mid 1700's tobacco, African slaves working on a Southern tobacco plantation in 1670. The English and European colonists had no practical experience of rice crops and the production of rice required its workers to possess knowledge of the land and how to cultivate. The fur trade was highly lucrative and the French and English had fought to monopolize the fur trade which led to the Beaver Wars. New England settlers found work as fishermen, dock workers, sailors, shipbuilders, merchants and artisans. 1) religious freedom, 2) not happy with the church of England, 3) second chance for debtors or prisoners, 4) England was too crowded, 5) no jobs in England and pay was low, 6) gold, 7) land New England Colonies Teacher 3. Different blue shaded dyes were obtained from the leaves of the indigo plant from ranging from bright blue to violet and purple. Colonial Work - Timber and LumberThe rich forest areas of Colonial America enabled Colonial workers to become employed in the associated timber and lumber activities. Edit. The cotton industry boomed in the Southern colonies with the introduction of the cotton gin. When you move here you probably want a job, so were offering you a few of the most common jobs. There were many jobs in the New England colonies. Cotton was used less often. Colonial Work for Farm womenThe women who lived on the farms were engaged in colonial work and jobs cleaning cooking, growing vegetable, raising children, spinning yarn from wool and knitting sweaters and stockings, making candles and soap and churning milk into butter. Other forest products included resin (used for varnishing), tar (for coating and preserving timber), pitch (used for water proofing), turpentine (distilled pine oil used for cleaning), potash (made from wood ashes and used in soap, bleach and fertilizers). These two factors determined the types of crops that would be successful and led to a great diversity of agriculture in the Northern colonies as opposed to the colonies in the South and the Middle colonies and the colonial work and jobs available in each of the areas. Massachusetts 2. Barrels were used for transporting products, rum, flour, fruit, hardtack (bread), salted meat and fish. Posted: (2 days ago) One of the jobs in the New England Colonies was a blacksmith.A blacksmith works with iron ans steel. Sowing the rice seedlings was generally undertaken by female slaves who trampled the seeds into the swampy soil with their bare feet. 0% average accuracy. The prospect of owning land, an impossible prospect in England, was a great incentive to travel to America. Beaver skins were used in hat making. Milliner The milliner was the owner of the local clothing store. Gunsmiths had to be skilled in working with both wood and metal. Cotton plants had to be tended, weeds had to be chopped out. The barrel parts made from wood were called the 'Staves and Headings'. Cloth made in the home was called “homespun.” Other every day items were required leading to other household industries. The process of growing tobacco required all year attention. New England Colonies. Tobacco was harvested in the late summer and then had to be dried “cured” in a tobacco house for six weeks. Workers that are in New England are all skilled workers because farming is not an industry in the north. Rhode Island. Colonial Work - Mills, Yards and DistilleriesVarious colonial work and jobs were created due to the building of mills. The New England colonies have many job occupations to offer. Crops such as wheat required the building of flour mills where the wheat was ground into flour. Colonial Work - IndigoIndigo was a non-edible plant that was historically grown on plantations. Colonial Work - Staves and Headings for making barrelsThe colonial work and jobs related to 'Staves and Headings' were an extremely important, but often overlooked, trade item. The coastal waters gave rise to whaling. Whaling was so profitable that, despite its dangers, many hundreds of ships were used for the whaling industry. There were 125 colonial shipyards by the year 1750. Apply to Sales Representative, Sales Engineer, Territory Sales and more! Colonial Work - beaver pelts and the fur trade. Many different breeds of horses were brought to America by the colonists. The first colony of America was established at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Interesting Facts and information via the Colonial Work, Fast Facts and info with the Colonial Work, The Colonial Work is great resource for kids, Social Studies Homework help for kids on Colonial Work, Colonial Work - Colonial America - Facts - Colonists - Colonial Work - Chart - Colony - Colonial Work - Map - Table - Summary - Chart - Fast - Information - Colonial Work - Info - Religion - Colonial Work - Geography - Natural resources - Years - Kids - Colonial Work - Children - Studies - Colonial Work - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - Colonial Work - Facts - Table - Colonial Work - Summary - Fast - Information - Colonial Work - Info - Kids - Children - Studies - Colonial Work - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - Colonial Work. lissni. Some colonists were trappers and others were fur traders negotiating trade with the Native Indians. The first ships built in the American colonies were built for fishing but trade was also conducted by water which led to the real boom in ship building. Most mills were run by water power. Potter 5. 2 minutes ago by. Share. Colonial Settlement Brochure Directions: Pretend that you are a travel agent working for the New England, Middle, or Southern colonial region. This region specialize in fishing, shipbuilding, and making naval supplies and other equipment. The deep harbors and easy access to the ocean allow for fishing for crabs, lobsters, whales, and other large fish year round. The system of enclosure (fencing in the land) meant there was limited land for the poor and working classes. Every event in the colonies appeared to be a sign of God’s mercy or judgment, and it was commonly believed that witches allied themselves with the Devil to carry out evil deeds or cause deliberate harm. The gunsmith made and repaired firearms for the town. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. Why were the New England colonies founded? Climate and natural resources determined the colonial work and jobs required in the different regions of the first 13 colonies. The cultivation of highly lucrative rice quickly spread to all of the Southern colonies and became one of the top ten trade exports to England. Many different types of colonial work and jobs were related to the ship building industry including carpenters, joiners, sail makers, barrel makers, (for transporting the products), painters, caulkers (they sealed joints making ships water-tight) and blacksmiths. The flour was then shipped to England. The four New England colonies are: 1. The second sons of wealthy families, without the prospect of an inheritance, were looking for opportunities to make money. A pattern of work, jobs and industries emerged in colonial America and trade and exports were basically divided as follows according to the different regions: Policies and laws relating to Trade and Exports and colonial work and jobs were dictated by the theory of Mercantilism, the emergence of Triangular Trade routes and the English policy of Salutary Neglect. Colonial Work - Land and the Headright System. The use of slavery throughout the colonies (particularly the southern ones) continued to grow throughout the 18 th century, but as the colonies moved closer to revolution against England, there was a growing trend of questioning slavery and its practices in New England. Like many other Europeans, the Puritans of New England believed in the supernatural. This wood that was cut down could also be used to build ships. Carpenter 4. In Delaware alone swampland covered over 30,000 acres. The Textile industry emerged in Colonial America when men worked on several looms in a factory like environment. Fishermen supply the colonies with food they need, therefore, a very important job in our region. Carpentry and shipbuilding was also a popular type of employment. Iron making was one of the first non-agricultural industries. Other colonial work and jobs were undertaken by fishermen in the coastal areas of all the colonies but especially in New England. ... By 1775, it is estimated that about 400,000 indentured people had arrived in the colonies. Connecticut 4. The New England colonies have many job occupations to offer. The cotton fibers need to be separated from the seeds. Farmers were encouraged to raise hemp as a crop and various incentives were offered to its production. Small towns like Boston and Salem rose to serve the sea trade. Mills were used for: Other establishments were introduced turning household industries into commercial industries - the breweries and distilleries. Beaver skins were the first great American trade commodity. Other colonial work and jobs were undertaken by fishermen in the coastal areas of all the colonies but especially in New England. The country had not been fully explored so people did not know what the natural resources and raw materials were available in the New World. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Colonial Work - Iron MakingThe early colonists discovered that iron ore was in abundance in Colonial America. Tobacco became the biggest of all the trade exports made from Colonial America. However, during the colonial period, less than half of all households had spinning wheels and fewer than 10% owned looms or raised sheep or flax. 2 minutes ago by. A large labor force was required to facilitate iron making and slaves were also employed in manufacture of iron. Posted: (2 days ago) The ship building industry is a thriving business that gives fishermen the supplies they need to do their jobs. Remember that Vermont and Maine were not part of the 13 original colonies , although much of the architecture is similar, modified by French influences from the north. Soon, sawmills built along rivers made it practical not just to cut down and process trees to ship out, but to build ships in New England. Some of these occupations include loggers, who cut down trees to make into wood for building houses and keeping families warm during the winter. Horse breeding developed from using these original breeds of horse including the jennet, small pacing horses, the strongly built Andalusian breed, the hardy barb horse, coach horses, the black Friesian breed and the fast Arabian horse breeds. Apply to Benefit Specialist, Crew Member, Stocker and more! The English encouraged the American colonists to produce indigo as it was highly dependent on Spain and France for this dye. The timber and lumber industries used the saw mills to produce wooden planks for export to England, which were manufactured into finished goods. Virginia and then Maryland were the first colonies to export iron to England but iron making eventually became the mainstay of the Middle Colonies. Another great occupation that you can choose from is to be a fisherman. Wealthy merchants in Philadelphia and New York, like their counterparts in New England… A blacksmith works with iron ans steel. Merchants dominated urban society; about 40 merchants controlled half of Philadelphia ‘s trade. Colonial work on the tobacco plantations required slaves. Those who had farms too far inland to take advantage of the sea busied themselves with secondary occupations like running taverns and ordinaries near roads, trapping and hunting game, or traveling from farm to farm as peddlers or laborers. A loom was a textile machine for weaving yarn into textiles. As in New England, the majority of the elite in the Middle Colonies were merchants. The first two trades they turned their hands to were fishing and lumber. Your job is to encourage people from Europe to move to your colony and settle there. This article provides a Colonial Work providing facts and information at a glance in respect of: History of the first 13 Colonies and how they became the United States, The colonization of America and the fascinating events that led colonists and patriots down the Road to Revolution. Edit. Early New England colonial houses were usually located mostly along the shores of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Their types of farms and the jobs and work required to run the farms were dependent on the soil available and the climate. They make horse shoes, axes, gun parts, and nails. New England Colonies DRAFT. People became indentured in different ways. A Reverberatory furnace of 1647 used to melt iron. The slaves provided sufficient labor force to produce the demanding crop. The headings were the lids of the barrels. The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies.The New England colonies were part of the Thirteen Colonies and eventually became five of the six states in New England. Some barrels were made in the colonies due to the English policy of Salutary Neglect but the basis of  Mercantilism was to supply raw materials to England for their workers to make finished goods - finished goods have a higher value than raw materials. It was founded by Roger Williams. The Puritans were seeking to establish a world where they could practice their religion without persecution by the throne. A variant of the indigo plant is native to South Carolina and Georgia. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in oil lamps and for making soaps. Pine, oak, maple, beech, birch, hickory, ash and cypress trees were all plentiful in Colonial America. There were high levels of unemployment in England with little prospects of getting a job. Spermaceti was a white waxy substance produced by the sperm whale used in candles and ointments. Jobs - New England Colonies. Jobs available in the Southern Colonies were centered primarily around agricultural industries. The abundant tall, straight trees in New England were in great demand in Britain, and salt fish was always a strong trade item. Colonial Work - FarmingSo land was the most important commodity in Colonial America. Life in Colonial Rhode Island - Economy, Trade, Industries and Jobs The way of life in Colonial Rhode Island was determined by religion, wealth, status and how colonists could make a living. Other household industries included making alcohol such as beer, whiskey and rum. Some were eager for a new life and willing to work hard to get it. However, hemp had to undergo a painstaking process of cutting, rotting and drying which coincided with the busiest period in the tobacco season. The name Linsey-woolsey derives from a combination of linen and wool. By 1774, 3 out of 4 families in the American colonies owned their own farms. They make horse shoes, axes, gun parts, and nails. 4th grade . Distilleries are the names of the places where liquor is manufactured - especially rum which became a major export from the colonies. ()-8.Footnotes (p) Preliminary Source: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area The Current Employment Statistics (CES) Survey is a monthly survey of business establishments which provides estimates of employment, hours, and earnings data by industry for the nation as a whole, all States, and most major metropolitan areas since 1939. All of these provided more colonial work and jobs requiring even more labor in the colonies. New England settlers found work as fishermen, dock workers, sailors, shipbuilders, merchants and artisans. Headrights were given by the London Virginia company that gave 50 acres of land to colonists who paid their own way to Virginia, or paid the way for someone else to go. Seeds were first grown in flats and then the seedlings were planted by laborious hoeing in the fields. The New England colonies were all originally charter colonies and were quite proficient at self-governing themselves, according to Alan Taylor in his book American Colonies: “By virtue of their especially indulgent charters, the New England colonies were virtually independent of crown authority. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Young, working class men and women turned towards America for a better life - even if they had to give five or seven years of their lives to pay for the journey by the system of Indentured servitude refer to Colonial Women. The first plantations were worked by Indentured servants the massive sizes of the plantations needed more and more labor. Most of the gunsmiths in colonial times spent their time fixing existing guns rather than making new guns. This article provides an insight into the development of trade and exports and explains why different types of colonial work and jobs emerged in the colonies. In the early days of Colonial America the women  helped with the planting and harvesting of the crops which added to the colonial work and jobs undertaken by the women who lived on the farms. Blacksmith (works with metal) 2. The first settlement in New England, now present-day Massachusetts was founded by the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620. The sales of hats made from beaver skins were an extremely important source of income to the British nation and from 1700 to 1770 Great Britain made 21 million hats. The New England Colonies included Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The cotton gin  was a machine that separated the cotton fibers from the seed ten times faster that the slaves could do by hand. The majority of the workforce in Colonial Rhode Island consisted of manual workers, servants, apprentices, sailors, hired hands and semi-skilled tradesmen. 0. Turning to other pursuits, the New Englanders harnessed water power and established grain mills and sawmills. The number of slaves in Colonial America increased from 10,000 in the 1600's to 400,000 in the 1700's. The barrel hoops were a circle of iron. This wood that was cut down could also be used to … Good stands of timber encouraged shipbuilding. Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony.The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in The Netherlands). Picking took a few months during which time the cotton was put through the cotton gins, then pressed and finally baled before being shipped for market and export. 4th grade . 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. The Headright System was introduced in 1691. A cotton plant formed bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers. Fisherman were an important job because the New England Colonies were really close to the ocean and they had to … 13,501 New England jobs available on Indeed.com. The rice was harvested and then the rice was removed from the hulls in a winnowing basket. The American Colonies were divided into three regional areas—the New England Colonies (Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut), the Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware), and the Southern Colonies (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caroline, and Georgia). The staves were the narrow strips of wood that formed the sides of a barrel. By the 1690's and rice became the mainstay of the colonies of Georgia and South Carolina. The colonial work and jobs related to farming led to other industries. Chandler. The berries were used to make jellies and jams. Several hoops were used to hold the barrel together and one of the many uses of the iron exported to England. Large-scale cultivation of cotton using slave labor was extremely profitable for the owners of the planatations. It was very common for young people and those without family to take positions as servants and farm workers at more prosperous homes. For Kids. Other jobs such as gathering nuts and berries. Colonial Work - HempHemp was a fibrous material obtained from the inner bark of the hemp plant and used to manufacture ship rigging. Occupations & Jobs in the 13 Colonies. The soil in New England was not well suited to farming so horse breeding was seen as an economical use of hilly and infertile land. New England Colonial Government The … Fisherman were an important job because the New England Colonies were really close to the ocean and they had to catch fish for the colonies. Many farmers grew cotton and flax, and many colonists raised sheep that produced wool. These materials were used to make different textiles. After a decade, a Great Migration of English people populated the Americas and founded the colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Maine, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. By the end of the 17th century, there were several shipbuilders working in the region to supply New England fishermen and traders but also to sell cheaply to British customers. During the 17th century serge, a durable twilled woolen fabric, was commonly used for bed curtains, upholstery and clothing. 315.4: 286.0: 286.5 288.()-27. For additional facts and info refer to Colonial Society. Colonial Work - Farming in the Middle Colonies. Land was a commodity in short supply in England. The Southern Colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Jobs If you are a shipbuilder or fisherman, this is the place for you. Tobacco was the first plantation crop in North America. Played 0 times. New Jersey's economy and culture were similar to the other mid-Atlantic and New England colonies. The tobacco leaves were then stripped from the stems and packed into hogsheads (round, wooden casks or barrels) used to hold tobacco for shipment. Colonial Work - Household IndustriesIt was very expensive to import textiles from England so small, household industries emerged in the colonies. Which explains why most early colonial work related to farming and agriculture. The swampland first had to be cleared. This process was so time consuming and therefore expensive that cotton was not grown until 1793 when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Employing people in the tobacco industry was seen as more cost effective for farmers. There were many different types of fish including cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake,  bass and sturgeon. There were many different types of fish including cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake, bass and sturgeon. Colonial Work - The Textile IndustryTextiles were used to make clothing, bedding, linens, curtains, ship sails and upholstery. The manufacture of iron was seen as one of the most valuable resources of Colonial America. The New England colonies. A typical farm was 50 to 150 acres consisting of a house, barn, yard and fields. Save. Iron was used to make barrel hoops, anchors and chains for the ships, wagon wheels, plows, tools, spikes, kettles and nails. Play this game to review Social Studies. The main jobs were probably farmering and fishing. One of the jobs in the New England Colonies was a blacksmith. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Colonial Work - HorsesHorses were a profitable livestock commodity that could be used for trade and export. Start studying New England Colonies Jobs. Textiles were made chiefly from wool and flax. 2,636 Colonial Life jobs available on Indeed.com. Middle Colonies. This industry greatly affects the future of this region. People found jobs in colonial towns as tradesmen and merchants, and on the sea as fishermen and sailors, but the majority of people made their living on farms. Most people farmed, but the poor soil made anything but bare subsistence farming impossible. New Hampshire 3. Linsey-woolsey, or wincey, was a strong, coarse fabric. North America had a vast variety of fur-bearing animals and the fur trade was often used to supplement the incomes from the farms - the beaver was the most important. Great quantities of wood were required in the colonies and for trade exports. Growing cotton as a crop required intensive labor - the plantations of the south increased the number of slaves to undertake the hard, back breaking work. Hemp was suited to the terrain of the Chesapeake area. These household industries emerged as mills and distilleries were built and the alcohol and textile industries were developed. Another job … Wood was the necessary raw material required for the ship building industries, barrel making and to build the houses in the colonies. Ambergris was an extremely valuable substance found in whales and used for the production of medicines and perfumes. DRAFT. Jobs Farmers, printers,shoe makers & carpenters are a few of the jobs you can get in Southern Colonies. What Were Some of the Jobs in the New England Colonies. New guns were usually imported from England. The one certainty was that America offered vast amounts of land. To produce iron, the Ironworks required  two main elements: The forests provided the wood and the iron ore was in abundance. Staves and Headings were one of the top ten exports to England and were used by the barrel makers (coopers) in England. The Navigation Acts encouraged the ship building industry. Staves and Headings were wooden items used in barrel making. Colonial Work - CottonCotton plants prosper in dry, hot sunny climates and rich soils. Most people farmed, but the poor soil made anything but bare subsistence farming impossible. Another really important aspect of colonial work related to the fur trade. The temperate climate in these states made them the ideal location to grow a variety of crops, such as tobacco, cotton and indigo. lissni. Trades/professions of people in a New England village: 1. The first permanent settlement was Plymouth Colony, established by Puritans who came to the New World on the Mayflower in 1620. Shipyards sprang up all along the coast of New England. Large blocks of iron were exported to England to enable their workers to make these finished goods. The abundance of timber and lumber made shipbuilding cheap in the colonies. Create a travel brochure that will catch the eye of a common European person. Quiz. Colonial work also included making furniture and also producing timber used to build houses. 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