Many of the colonies were founded by religious leaders or groups looking for religious freedom. ". The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. (Economy) 2. [16] The Dutch also engaged in the burgeoning Atlantic slave trade, taking enslaved Africans to the English colonies in North America and Barbados. [42] By 1770, the economic output of the Thirteen Colonies made up forty percent of the gross domestic product of the British Empire. The 13 Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the 13 Colonies including the date the colony was established, the region (New England, Middle or Southern) the system of government, religion, details of trade (see Triangular Trade) and economic activity and the names of famous people associated with the founding and establishment each colony. Rice: Buffer for Spanish colonies Originally outlawed slavery and restricted size of land grants to 500 acres. For the first time, the continent became one of the main theaters of what could be termed a "world war". The shock of Britain's defeat in 1783 caused a radical revision of British policies on colonialism, thereby producing what historians call the end of the First British Empire, even though Britain still controlled Canada and some islands in the West Indies. Great for … Parliament also sent Thomas Gage to serve as Governor of Massachusetts and as the commander of British forces in North America. The governor was invested with general executive powers and authorized to call a locally elected assembly. The Dutch West India Company established permanent settlements on the Hudson River, creating the Dutch colony of New Netherland. It raised an army to fight the British and named George Washington its commander, made treaties, declared independence, and recommended that the colonies write constitutions and become states. Area Colonies Political Social Economic/Slavery New England Massachuset s New Hampsher Connecticut Rhode Island Founders: Roger Williams (Rhode Island)-Practiced Religious freedom Pilgrims and Puritans- Branch of Christianity- Founded colonies is Mass. 3. [28] Philadelphia became the largest city in the colonies with its central location, excellent port, and a population of about 30,000. The colonists replied that their sons had fought and died in a war that served European interests more than their own. [52] Numerous settlers immigrated from Ireland,[53] both Catholic and Protestant—particularly "New Light" Ulster Presbyterians. [103], Mercantilism meant that the government and the merchants became partners with the goal of increasing political power and private wealth, to the exclusion of other empires. The colonists' loyalty to the mother country was stronger than ever before. The Established Church of England Colonies Although they had a variety of religious influences and experiences in their backgrounds, six of the original thirteen colonies eventually, at least partially, established the Church of England. The goal was to enrich Britain—its merchants and its government. The Thirteen Colonies were complete with the establishment of the Province of Georgia in 1732, although the term "Thirteen Colonies" became current only in the context of the American Revolution. In 1680, only Virginia was a royal colony; by 1720, half were under the control of royal governors. Massachusetts absorbed these small settlements when it made significant land claims in the 1640s and 1650s, but New Hampshire was eventually given a separate charter in 1679. Tightly bound to Britain and controlled by the Royal Navy, it had no assembly that could voice grievances. Since the 1960s, the mainstream of historiography has emphasized the growth of American consciousness and nationalism and the colonial republican value-system, in opposition to the aristocratic viewpoint of British leaders. The United States of America was formed out of these 13 Colonies in 1776. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Because of various colonial masters in the area, religious traditions from many European countries existed in the area. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. First 13 colonies' average taxpayer burden: $17,300; Like in times of our great country's founding, it is time to pull together once again as a nation and fix this debt crisis together. [50] There were some slave revolts, such as the Stono Rebellion and the New York Conspiracy of 1741, but these uprisings were suppressed. These laws also allowed British military commanders to claim colonial homes for the quartering of soldiers, regardless whether the American civilians were willing or not to have soldiers in their homes. [86], The colonies were religiously diverse, with different Protestant denominations brought by British, German, Dutch, and other immigrants. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. What was the main religion . The colonists were restricted in trading with other European powers, but they found profitable trade partners in the other British colonies, particularly in the Caribbean. [citation needed], Nova Scotia had a large Yankee element which had recently arrived from New England, and which shared the sentiments of the Americans in the 13 colonies about demanding the rights of the British men. They do include Indians living under colonial control, as well as slaves and indentured servants. [98] Voters were required to hold an "interest" in society; as the South Carolina legislature said in 1716, "it is necessary and reasonable, that none but such persons will have an interest in the Province should be capable to elect members of the Commons House of Assembly". These colonies – 13 in total – later declared their independence from the British in 1776 and formed what is now the United States. By 1640, 20,000 had arrived; many died soon after arrival, but the others found a healthy climate and an ample food supply. The Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. [82] John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. Assemblies were made up of representatives elected by the freeholders and planters (landowners) of the province. [41] More than 90 percent of the colonists lived as farmers, though some seaports also flourished. And in several of the 13 colonies, the idea of religious tolerance was seen as an important asset. Create a map of each region, and put it on the left. In 1768, a specific state department was created for America, but it was disbanded in 1782 when the Home Office took responsibility. Williams was a Puritan who preached religious tolerance, separation of Church and State, and a complete break with the Church of England. These governors were appointees closely tied to the government in London. Plymouth … It was of economic importance in the export-oriented tobacco plantations of Virginia and Maryland and on the rice and indigo plantations of South Carolina. By 1700, Pennsylvania’s leading city, Philadelphia, was, after Boston, the colonies’ leading cultural center. [117] The Imperial School included such historians as Herbert L. Osgood, George Louis Beer, Charles M. Andrews, and Lawrence Gipson.[118]. New York City attracted a large polyglot population, including a large black slave population. The colonial population grew from about 2,000 to 2.4 million between 1625 and 1775, displacing Native Americans. [46] American Indians far from the Atlantic coast supplied the Atlantic market with beaver fur and deerskins. Religion in the colonies Life in the 13 Colonies 5. Elyse_Hurt. The government protected its merchants—and kept others out—by trade barriers, regulations, and subsidies to domestic industries in order to maximize exports from and minimize imports to the realm. The British West Indies, Newfoundland, the Province of Quebec, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Bermuda, and East and West Florida remained loyal to the British crown throughout the war (although Spain reacquired Florida before the war was over, and in 1821 sold it to the United States). In 1729, the king formally revoked Carolina's colonial charter and established both North Carolina and South Carolina as crown colonies. They voted by shouting their choice to the clerk, as supporters cheered or booed. [108] The British crown had only recently acquired several[which?] Beginning in the 1650s, the English and Dutch engaged in a series of wars, and the English sought to conquer New Netherland. In 1760, the cities of Philadelphia, New York, and Boston had a population in excess of 16,000, which was small by European standards. The thirteen all had well-established systems of self-government and elections based on the Rights of Englishmen which they were determined to protect from imperial interference. Powerpoints about the Pilgrims, The Puritans, and the Quakers. [66] The proclamation was soon modified and was no longer a hindrance to settlement, but the fact angered the colonists that it had been promulgated without their prior consultation.[67]. [30], More Puritans immigrated in 1629 and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony with 400 settlers. The 13 Colonies Travel Brochure Objectives I will understand how and why the 13 colonies of America were founded and how they compared to each other with respect to government, culture, geography, and economy. a. In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. Throughout the course of the war, British officers trained Americans for battle, most notably George Washington, which benefited the American cause during the Revolution. Use the documents and chart to respond to these questions. These colonies included Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Province of Georgia, established as proprietary colony in 1732; royal colony from 1752. The London Company established the Colony and Dominion of Virginia in 1607, the first permanently settled English colony on the continent. By the mid-18th century, life expectancy was much higher in the American colonies.[83]. This marked the start of separate governments in the Province of North-Carolina and the Province of South Carolina. [57] The war against Spain merged into a broader conflict known as the War of the Austrian Succession, but most colonists called it King George's War. [22] Richard Nicolls captured the lightly defended New Amsterdam in 1664, and his subordinates quickly captured the remainder of New Netherland. Over 90% were farmers, with several small cities that were also seaports linking the colonial economy to the larger British Empire. English Colonies in North American (British Atlantic Seaboard/13 Colonies) Chart (covers chap 2-4), so need teacher guidance). Occupations & Social Status Thriving colonies represented Puritan belief in hard work and thrift. 63. Georgia served as a land of safety for criminals who were trying to figure out their dept. The southern colonies held the belief that the family had the responsibility of educating their children, mirroring the common belief in Europe. Each colony, however, has its own unique history on how it was founded. Province of Massachusetts Bay, chartered as a royal colony in 1691, 2. Only $2.99/month. Log in Sign up. A variety of religions were practiced in the 13 American colonies. Create. When was the Colony founded? They initially moved to the Netherlands, but eventually sailed to America in 1620 on the Mayflower. Each team member needs to share their information with the other members. He lost the case, but John Adams later wrote, "Then and there the child Independence was born."[106]. The Pilgrims - in search of religion freedom. Official Religion: None. Start studying 13 COLONIES CHART. General Washington took command of the Patriot soldiers in New England and forced the British to withdraw from Boston. Province of New Jersey, established as proprietary colony in 1664; chartered as royal colony in 1702, 8. The government took its share through duties and taxes, with the remainder going to merchants in Britain. The colonies engaged in a scramble to purchase land from Indian tribes, as the British insisted that claims to land should rest on legitimate purchases. Candidate George Washington spent £39 for treats for his supporters. The Patriots repulsed the British force at the April 1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord, then lay siege to Boston.[74]. From that time until 1708, the northern and southern settlements remained under one government. The colonial period of America began in the 17th century. Outside of Puritan New England, election day brought in all the men from the countryside to the county seat to make merry, politick, shake hands with the grandees, meet old friends, and hear the speeches—all the while toasting, eating, treating, tippling, and gambling. First, religion played a key role. During the war there was some opportunistic trading with American ships. [48], Improved economic conditions and easing of religious persecution in Europe made it more difficult to recruit labor to the colonies, and many colonies became increasingly reliant on slave labor, particularly in the South. [15] It also served as the base for extensive trade with the English colonies, and many products from New England and Virginia were carried to Europe on Dutch ships.

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